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Kashmir was ruled by the British through the Hindu Dogra dynasty of the neighboring state of Jammu. A Pakistani-supported rebellion broke out. The region's Hindu ruler agreed to accede to India in return for help to suppress the rebellion. The first India-Pakistan war over Kashmir. The United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan passed a resolution mandating a plebiscite of the Kashmiri people. The third Indo-Pakistani war leads to the secession of East Pakistan and the formation of Bangladesh.
Various Muslim separatist organizations set off a series of bomb blasts, arson attacks and strikes. The Indian government responded with military actions. Indian army officers fire on demonstrators protesting in Srinagar against a crackdown on the Kashmiri independence movement.
Many Hindus flee the Kashmir valley fearing reprisals. A campaign of violence outside the region was initiated by the explosion of bombs at two police stations in New Delhi.
Maulvi Mohammad Farooq, chief Muslim cleric of the Kashmir valley, is killed by unidentified gunmen. At least 50 people are killed when troops fire on mourners during a funeral procession. The Indian government suspends the Kashmiri state assembly and imposes direct federal rule over Kashmir. On March Tva doda i protester i bahrain, she "Tva doda i protester i bahrain" freed in return for the release of imprisoned "militant" activist, Mushtaq Ahmed.
Three policemen were also abducted to secure the release of five separatist activists. Indian Security forces clashed with Muslim separatists throughout the month. On March 10, there were 11 casualties and a week later, 17 people were killed. Approximately 1, individuals were arrested. On March 20, Indian authorities denied charges made by the Pakistani government of widespread human rights violations in Kashmir. The allegations included a mass rape of women and girls on February 23 when the village of Kunan Poshpura was sealed off by troops of the 4th Rajput Rifles.
Two Swedish engineers were kidnapped on March 31 by the MCF marking the first time foreigners were seized during the insurgency in Kashmir. Previously, the Indian government has denied human rights organizations access to the region. A presidential order was signed on April 18, excluding the state of Jammu and Kashmir from national elections in May. On May 4, the human rights group Asia Watch issued a report accusing the Indian security forces of a "deliberate campaign of terror which included shooting unarmed civilians".
Summary executions, kidnappings and assaults were also reported. Security forces opened fire at a rally in Srinagar, the summer capital, killing 14 people and injuring The rally was in mourning for the guerrillas killed on the border on May 5. In an attempted escape, one Israeli and one guerrilla "Tva doda i protester i bahrain" the other five Israelis escaped. On August 20, K.
Doraiswamy, executive director of the Indian Oil Corporation, was released after being held for 55 days by the Ikhwan-ul-Musalmeen group in exchange for six activists. The extension was for a further six months after its original expiration on September 2. Indian security forces allegedly entered the Hazrat Bal shrine by force and molested worshipers. The next day, on September 10, millions of Kashmiri Muslims responded to a call for an indefinite strike in protest to the entry.
The call was issued by pro-Pakistani groups. Security forces stepped up their operations resulting in the deaths of at least 50 people.
Indian police secured the release of Khamlata Wakhloo and her husband, who were abducted by Hizbullah. On November 7, a general 3-day strike was launched protesting the extent of Indian rule in the Kashmir Valley. The Indian government refused to let a delegation from the European Parliament proceed with a planned visit to the region. A French engineer held by Muslim separatists in Kashmir escaped on January 13 after three months in captivity. On February 12, at least 18 people were killed and over injured when Pakistani forces fired on Kashmiris attempting Tva doda i protester i bahrain cross the Line of Control in an
Tva doda i protester i bahrain to "reunify" their homeland.
The Pakistani government had repeatedly warned the leaders of the JKLF not to go through with the march as the crossing could lead to a war between Pakistan and India. On April 4, seventeen Muslim separatists were killed by Indian security forces in two clashes and on April 8, at least 50 people were killed in security operations against Muslim militants.
Officials reported the number dead at 20 and the arrest of 22 members of the Ikhwan-e-Muslameen and Hizbul Muslameen groups. The Lok Sabha passed a bill aimed at transferring the lawmaking powers of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislature to the President. On August 11, the Indian government announced the extension of president's rule for a further 6 months, putting off plans for state assembly elections.
A strike was called to protest against the resumption of the sixth round of Indo-Pakistani talks. In the sporadic fighting that followed 23 people were reportedly killed. More than 60 people in Sopore were killed when Indian Border Security Force BSF troops began shooting indiscriminately and setting fire to buildings in retaliation against an attack by Kashmiri militants. Thousands of Kashmiris took part in a strike on January 7 and staged anti-India protests. On February 13, 33 people were reported killed in different incidents of shooting and violence.
On February 28, the human rights organizations Asia Watch and Physicians for Human Rights accused Indian security forces of "a campaign of terror against civilians" in Kashmir, citing specifically the violence of the previous month. Former army chief, General retd.
Krishna Rao was appointed governor of Kashmir, replacing Girish Saksena who earlier resigned as governor. Rao served in the same post during Police opened fire at mourners attending his funeral the next day. In mid-April a fresh surge of violence erupted, leading to the deaths of 70 people and on April 28, the army was called in to end a strike of thousands of predominantly Muslim police.
It accused security forces in Kashmir of "summarily executing detainees and killing civilians in reprisal acts". The report also cited violations of human rights by rebel groups who were
Tva doda i protester i bahrain in summary executions, rape, kidnappings, threats and assaults "Tva doda i protester i bahrain" civilians".
During Augustwidespread protests were staged against the murder by security forces of members of a Muslim family. Police killed six people during these demonstrations. On August 14, a gunman hijacked a bus on the Jammu-Kishtwar road in southern Kashmir, and killed 16 Hindus.
Muslim militants and security forces continually clashed on September More than 48 people were killed and a further 29 reported dead on September Muslims believe that the 17th century shrine is one of the holiest sites in Islam. There were hundred people in the mosque, 50 of whom were believed to be armed rebels. The siege involved the withdrawal of electricity and water supplies.
Immediately afterwards Kashmiris engaged in popular protests which lead to the imposition of curfew in Srinagar. Further protests in defiance to the curfew were held, leading to the deaths of 29 people reported on October The siege of Hazrat Bal ended on November 16, as armed Kashmiri separatists peacefully surrendered.
In the interim Tva doda i protester i bahrain the surrender, intense negotiations took place with the help of local Muslim clergymen, family members and pro-militant politicians. Approximately 60 people died during demonstrations triggered by the siege. This year 1, civilians, police and 1, militants were killed in violence in Kashmir. Throughout the period covered by this update there are reports and accusations of the torture and murder of Kashmiri detainees by government forces.
There are also multiple reports and accusations that Indian security forces kill innocent civilians in retaliation for losses inflicted by separatist militants. Such reports will not be further noted unless otherwise noteworthy.
Note The reports of violence in Kashmir noted until November are taken solely from Reuters. Reuters' reporting of the violence is sporadic and as a result many incidents that occur during the period covered by this update may be overlooked. However, it is fair to assume with some level of confidence that most of the major incidents are covered in Reuters and therefore are reported here. On February 3, seven Indian soldiers were killed and several wounded when militants attacked various military installations in Badgain, Srinagar, Anantnag-Islamabad and the Rajaori area.
The Kashmir Valley region observed a total strike of shops and businesses on February 7, to protest against the Indian military presence. Pakistan and Azad Kashmir also participated in the strike as a display of solidarity with the Kashmiris. The strike followed several weeks of continuous clashes resulting in over 30 deaths. On February, 14 Kashmiris were killed by Indian soldiers during an alleged siege and search operation in the Chandrigam area.
Two Indian soldiers were killed on March 4, when Kashmiri militants allegedly carried out a rocket attack on a brigade headquarters at the Kashmir Ghati in the Punch area.
Four days later, 4 Kashmiris were killed by Indian troops during a crackdown at various places in the Tva doda i protester i bahrain. On March 31, 14 people, including 3 Kashmiri youths were killed in Pulwama. In retaliation militants attacked an Indian military camp in Kakupara, killing 8 Indian soldiers.
On May 9, Kashmiri militants attacked a military convoy resulting in "heavy" troop casualties. The attack was in retaliation for the killings of 14 Kashmiris in the past week. There are several clashes between Indian security forces and Kashmiri separatists across Kashmir throughout the month in which at least 17 die.
The level of this support is in dispute. The State Department only acknowledges moral, political, and diplomatic support.
The Washington Post, however, reports that this support includes arming, training and providing logistical support for the militants. There are also reports of private groups in Pakistan supporting the militants. A Bahraini woman photographs riot police approaching as anti-government protesters clash with riot police firing tear gas after the funeral of an year-old.
2, IND,28 July, 1, Violence against civilians 6, 0, 60, Southern Asia, India, Jammu and Kashmir, Doda, Doda. 1, Riots/Protests, Protesters (Bahrain), Shiite Muslim Group (Bahrain).
A one-day strike to protest Tva doda i protester i bahrain re-opening of the Punjabi legislature is decreed by. 2 April.
The Madhya Pradesh High Court rules that the dissolution of the. Kashmiri militants kill 16 Hindu bus passengers near Kishtwar, Doda district, in the Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium .